środa, 29 sierpnia 2012

Pancerniki typu Kii - 20.03.2010

Tym razem pancerniki typu Kii. Planowane okręty to: Kii, Owari, oraz nienazwane nr 11 i nr 12 (możliwe ich nazwy to m.in: Suruga i Omi lub Yashima i Hatsuse),

Oto jedna z ich wizji artystycznych, zadziwiająco zbieżna z przypuszczalnym wyglądem krążowników liniowych typu Amagi:

   źródło: www.globalsecurity.org

Kii, japan battleship laid down 1921 (Engine 1924)

Displacement:
    38 214 t light; 40 084 t standard; 42 700 t normal; 44 793 t full load

Dimensions: Length overall / water x beam x draught
    820,20 ft / 815,32 ft x 101,05 ft x 31,82 ft (normal load)
    250,00 m / 248,51 m x 30,80 m  x 9,70 m

Armament:
      10 - 16,14" / 410 mm guns (5x2 guns), 2 102,91lbs / 953,86kg shells, 1921 Model
      Breech loading guns in turrets (on barbettes)
      on centreline ends, majority aft
      16 - 5,51" / 140 mm guns in single mounts, 83,72lbs / 37,97kg shells, 1921 Model
      Quick firing guns in casemate mounts
      on side, all amidships
      4 - 4,72" / 120 mm guns in single mounts, 52,72lbs / 23,91kg shells, 1921 Model
      Anti-aircraft guns in deck mounts
      on side, all amidships
    Weight of broadside 22 580 lbs / 10 242 kg
    Shells per gun, main battery: 80
    8 - 24,0" / 610 mm submerged torpedo tubes

Armour:
   - Belts:        Width (max)    Length (avg)        Height (avg)
    Main:    11,5" / 292 mm    431,10 ft / 131,40 m    13,12 ft / 4,00 m
    Ends:    7,87" / 200 mm    206,69 ft / 63,00 m    6,56 ft / 2,00 m
      177,53 ft / 54,11 m Unarmoured ends
    Upper:    11,0" / 280 mm    183,73 ft / 56,00 m    5,25 ft / 1,60 m
      Main Belt covers 81% of normal length
      Main belt does not fully cover magazines and engineering spaces

   - Torpedo Bulkhead:
        1,77" / 45 mm    557,74 ft / 170,00 m    19,69 ft / 6,00 m

   - Gun armour:    Face (max)    Other gunhouse (avg)    Barbette/hoist (max)
    Main:    11,0" / 280 mm    7,48" / 190 mm        11,0" / 280 mm
    2nd:    3,94" / 100 mm          -                  -

   - Armour deck: 4,72" / 120 mm, Conning tower: 14,02" / 356 mm

Machinery:
    Coal and oil fired boilers, steam turbines,
    Geared drive, 4 shafts, 144 126 shp / 107 518 Kw = 29,70 kts
    Range 8 000nm at 14,00 kts
    Bunker at max displacement = 4 709 tons (39% coal)

Complement:
    1 484 - 1 930

Cost:
    £11,193 million / $44,773 million

Distribution of weights at normal displacement:
    Armament: 2 822 tons, 6,6%
    Armour: 13 230 tons, 31,0%
       - Belts: 3 879 tons, 9,1%
       - Torpedo bulkhead: 720 tons, 1,7%
       - Armament: 3 143 tons, 7,4%
       - Armour Deck: 5 121 tons, 12,0%
       - Conning Tower: 369 tons, 0,9%
    Machinery: 4 922 tons, 11,5%
    Hull, fittings & equipment: 17 239 tons, 40,4%
    Fuel, ammunition & stores: 4 486 tons, 10,5%
    Miscellaneous weights: 0 tons, 0,0%

Overall survivability and seakeeping ability:
    Survivability (Non-critical penetrating hits needed to sink ship):
      43 199 lbs / 19 595 Kg = 20,5 x 16,1 " / 410 mm shells or 5,4 torpedoes
    Stability (Unstable if below 1.00): 1,18
    Metacentric height 6,9 ft / 2,1 m
    Roll period: 16,1 seconds
    Steadiness    - As gun platform (Average = 50 %): 46 %
            - Recoil effect (Restricted arc if above 1.00): 0,55
    Seaboat quality  (Average = 1.00): 0,85

Hull form characteristics:
    Hull has a flush deck
    Block coefficient: 0,570
    Length to Beam Ratio: 8,07 : 1
    'Natural speed' for length: 28,55 kts
    Power going to wave formation at top speed: 49 %
    Trim (Max stability = 0, Max steadiness = 100): 50
    Bow angle (Positive = bow angles forward): 12,00 degrees
    Stern overhang: 0,00 ft / 0,00 m
    Freeboard (% = measuring location as a percentage of overall length):
       - Stem:        22,97 ft / 7,00 m
       - Forecastle (20%):    19,03 ft / 5,80 m
       - Mid (50%):        17,06 ft / 5,20 m
       - Quarterdeck (15%):    17,06 ft / 5,20 m
       - Stern:        17,06 ft / 5,20 m
       - Average freeboard:    18,06 ft / 5,51 m
    Ship tends to be wet forward

Ship space, strength and comments:
    Space    - Hull below water (magazines/engines, low = better): 113,1%
        - Above water (accommodation/working, high = better): 131,7%
    Waterplane Area: 58 587 Square feet or 5 443 Square metres
    Displacement factor (Displacement / loading): 94%
    Structure weight / hull surface area: 216 lbs/sq ft or 1 053 Kg/sq metre
    Hull strength (Relative):
        - Cross-sectional: 1,11
        - Longitudinal: 0,97
        - Overall: 1,00
    Hull space for machinery, storage, compartmentation is cramped
    Room for accommodation and workspaces is excellent
    Poor seaboat, wet and uncomfortable, reduced performance in heavy weather

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