środa, 29 sierpnia 2012

Szybkie pancerniki nr 13 - nr 16 - 21.03.2010

I jeszcze szybkie pancerniki (czy jak kto woli krążowniki liniowe) nr 13 - nr 16. Mogły by się nazywać np. Yashima, Hatsuse, Fuji i Satsuma, czemu nie? ;-)
 

No 13, japan battlecruiser laid down 1922 (Engine 1926)

Displacement:
    43 704 t light; 45 660 t standard; 47 509 t normal; 48 989 t full load

Dimensions: Length overall / water x beam x draught
    900,26 ft / 894,75 ft x 101,05 ft x 32,15 ft (normal load)
    274,40 m / 272,72 m x 30,80 m  x 9,80 m

Armament:
      8 - 18,11" / 460 mm guns (4x2 guns), 2 969,90lbs / 1 347,12kg shells, 1922 Model
      Breech loading guns in turrets (on barbettes)
      on centreline ends, evenly spread
      16 - 5,51" / 140 mm guns in single mounts, 83,72lbs / 37,97kg shells, 1922 Model
      Quick firing guns in casemate mounts
      on side, all amidships
      8 - 4,72" / 120 mm guns in single mounts, 52,72lbs / 23,91kg shells, 1922 Model
      Anti-aircraft guns in deck mounts
      on side, all amidships
    Weight of broadside 25 520 lbs / 11 576 kg
    Shells per gun, main battery: 70
    8 - 24,0" / 610 mm submerged torpedo tubes

Armour:
   - Belts:        Width (max)    Length (avg)        Height (avg)
    Main:    13,0" / 330 mm    521,33 ft / 158,90 m    15,09 ft / 4,60 m
    Ends:    Unarmoured
    Upper:    7,87" / 200 mm    193,24 ft / 58,90 m    6,56 ft / 2,00 m
      Main Belt covers 90% of normal length
      Main belt does not fully cover magazines and engineering spaces

   - Torpedo Bulkhead:
        1,46" / 37 mm    524,93 ft / 160,00 m    19,69 ft / 6,00 m

   - Gun armour:    Face (max)    Other gunhouse (avg)    Barbette/hoist (max)
    Main:    13,0" / 330 mm    7,87" / 200 mm        11,0" / 280 mm
    2nd:    4,72" / 120 mm          -                  -

   - Armour deck: 5,00" / 127 mm, Conning tower: 14,02" / 356 mm

Machinery:
    Coal and oil fired boilers, steam turbines,
    Geared drive, 4 shafts, 154 024 shp / 114 902 Kw = 30,00 kts
    Range 6 300nm at 13,00 kts
    Bunker at max displacement = 3 329 tons (20% coal)

Complement:
    1 608 - 2 091

Cost:
    £13,397 million / $53,589 million

Distribution of weights at normal displacement:
    Armament: 3 190 tons, 6,7%
    Armour: 14 960 tons, 31,5%
       - Belts: 4 953 tons, 10,4%
       - Torpedo bulkhead: 557 tons, 1,2%
       - Armament: 3 096 tons, 6,5%
       - Armour Deck: 5 958 tons, 12,5%
       - Conning Tower: 396 tons, 0,8%
    Machinery: 5 022 tons, 10,6%
    Hull, fittings & equipment: 20 532 tons, 43,2%
    Fuel, ammunition & stores: 3 805 tons, 8,0%
    Miscellaneous weights: 0 tons, 0,0%

Overall survivability and seakeeping ability:
    Survivability (Non-critical penetrating hits needed to sink ship):
      50 164 lbs / 22 754 Kg = 16,9 x 18,1 " / 460 mm shells or 5,8 torpedoes
    Stability (Unstable if below 1.00): 1,17
    Metacentric height 6,8 ft / 2,1 m
    Roll period: 16,3 seconds
    Steadiness    - As gun platform (Average = 50 %): 52 %
            - Recoil effect (Restricted arc if above 1.00): 0,67
    Seaboat quality  (Average = 1.00): 1,04

Hull form characteristics:
    Hull has a flush deck
    Block coefficient: 0,572
    Length to Beam Ratio: 8,85 : 1
    'Natural speed' for length: 29,91 kts
    Power going to wave formation at top speed: 46 %
    Trim (Max stability = 0, Max steadiness = 100): 50
    Bow angle (Positive = bow angles forward): 12,00 degrees
    Stern overhang: 0,00 ft / 0,00 m
    Freeboard (% = measuring location as a percentage of overall length):
       - Stem:        25,92 ft / 7,90 m
       - Forecastle (20%):    19,03 ft / 5,80 m
       - Mid (50%):        19,03 ft / 5,80 m
       - Quarterdeck (15%):    17,39 ft / 5,30 m
       - Stern:        17,39 ft / 5,30 m
       - Average freeboard:    19,05 ft / 5,81 m
    Ship tends to be wet forward

Ship space, strength and comments:
    Space    - Hull below water (magazines/engines, low = better): 109,2%
        - Above water (accommodation/working, high = better): 141,8%
    Waterplane Area: 64 415 Square feet or 5 984 Square metres
    Displacement factor (Displacement / loading): 94%
    Structure weight / hull surface area: 231 lbs/sq ft or 1 128 Kg/sq metre
    Hull strength (Relative):
        - Cross-sectional: 1,15
        - Longitudinal: 0,95
        - Overall: 1,00
    Hull space for machinery, storage, compartmentation is adequate
    Room for accommodation and workspaces is excellent

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